- Composition/cycling of organic material in estuarine and coastal environments
- Behaviour and impact of pollutants, including emerging contaminants and nanoparticles, in estuarine and coastal environments
Professor Readman (Jim) leads fundamental research into the composition/cycling of organic material and the behaviour and impact of pollutants in estuarine and coastal environments. His most recent research relates to emerging contaminants and nanoparticles. He commenced employment as an environmental research chemist in 1978 and has since gained professional experience in academic, Governmental, industrial contract research and United Nations laboratories.
From 2001 to 2014 he was employed by NERC as a Research Professor at the Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML) and he currently retains a Fellowship at PML. From 1999 to 2001, he was Head of Pollution Research for the NERC UK Centre for Coastal & Marine Sciences. From 1996-1999, he was Head of Biogeochemistry at the Plymouth Marine Laboratory and prior to that, for seven years was employed by the United Nations as Head of the Organic Chemistry Unit at the International Atomic Energy Agency - Marine Environment Laboratory based in the Principality of Monaco.
Jim has published over 100 refereed papers relating to environmental science and analytical chemistry in scientific Journals (including Nature). These papers have, collectively, been cited over 4000 times, and generate an h-index of 36. Microsoft academic search of 'Top authors in pollution' rank Jim as 18th (out of 102,520 results), on a global basis. In addition to these publications, he has written, compiled and edited numerous technical reports.
Jim has organised, chaired and participated in numerous (approximately 200) International Symposia and United Nations meetings and conferences on environmental pollution. He has also served as a member of the UK Government’s Advisory Committee on Hazardous Substances (ACHS) and was recently an external examiner of the MSc Environmental Technology course at Imperial College, London. During recent years, he has provided expert comment on pollution issues for the BBC and several popular newspapers and journals.
- Member of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) Working Group on Biological Effects of Contaminants (WGBEC) (2007-present)
- Member of the editorial board of the Marine Pollution Bulletin (1994-present)
- Member of the editorial board of the International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry (2007-present)
- External examiner for the Water Management Option of the MSc Environmental Technology course at Imperial College, London (2006-2010)
- Member of the Executive Board of the International Association of Environmental Analytical Chemists (IAEAC) (2002-2012). Secretary of the IAEAC (2002-2006)
- Associate Editor of the Scientific World – Isotopes in the Environment (2001-2012)
- Member of the EU COST/EUREKA Scientific Committee on Aquaculture (2007-2009)
- Member of Steering Committee of the First Faraday Partnership, followed by the Integrated Pollution Management - Knowledge Transfer Network (IPM-Net) and subsequent Environmental Knowledge Transfer Network (2005-2009)
- Associate Editor of the Science of the Total Environment (2002-2004)
- Member of the editorial board of the Science of the Total Environment (1995-2008)
- Scientific advisor to the UK Environment Agency (2003-2006)
- Member of the UK Government’s Advisory Committee on Hazardous Substances (ACHS) (2001-2005)
Selected Recent Publications
- Readman, J.W., Bayona J.-M. and Albaiges J. (2014) Protocols for the chemical analysis of hydrocarbons in petroleum oils and the assessment of environmental contamination. In: T.J. McGenity et al. (eds.), Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology Protocols, Springer Protocols Handbooks, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg. In press.
- D’Agata A., Fasulo S., Dallas L.J., Fisher A.S., Maisano M., Readman, J.W. and Jha A.N. (2014) Enhanced toxicity of bulk titanium dioxide compared to fresh and aged nano-TiO2 in marine mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis). Nanotoxicology 8, 549-558. .
- Readman, J.W., DeLuna F., Ebinghaus R., Nestor A., Price A.R.G., Readman E.E., Sheppard A.L.S., Sleight V.A., Sturm R., Thompson R.C., Tonkin A., Wolschke H., Wright R.J. and Sheppard C.R.C. (2013) Contaminants, pollution and potential anthropogenic impacts in Chagos/British Indian Ocean Territories. Chapter 21 in: Coral Reefs of the United Kingdom Overseas Territories, Coral Reefs of the World 4. Ed: CRC Sheppard. Springer, NL.
- Price A.R.G. and Readman, J.W. (2013) Booster biocide antifoulants: is history repeating itself? In: Late lessons from early warnings: science, precaution, innovation. Part B - Emerging lessons from ecosystems. The European Environment Agency. Publications office of the European Union, Luxembourg. Part 12. 297-310.
- Al-Subiai S.N., Arlt V.M., Frickers P.E., Readman, J.W., Stolpe B., Lead J.R., Moody A.J. and Jha A.N. (2012) Merging nano-genotoxicology with eco-genotoxicology: an integrated approach to determine interactive genotoxic and sub-lethal toxic effects of C60 fullerenes and fluoranthene in marine mussels, Mytilus sp. Mutation Research: Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis 745, 92-103.
- Radovic J., Rial D., Lyons B., Harman C., Viñas L., Beiras R., Readman, J.W., Thomas K. and Bayona J.-M. (2012) Post incident monitoring to evaluate environmental damage from shipping incidents: chemical and biological assessments. Journal of Environmental Management 109, 136-153.
- Radovic J.R., Dominguez C., Laffont K., Diez S., Readman, J.W., Albaiges J. and Bayona J.-M. (2012) Compositional properties characterizing commonly transported oils and controlling their fate in the marine environment. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 14, 3220-3229.
- Di Y., Schroeder D.C., Highfield A., Readman, J.W. and Jha A.N. (2011) Tissue-specific expression of p53 and ras genes in response to the environmental genotoxicant benzo(a)pyrene in marine mussels. Environmental Science & Technology 45, 8974-8981.
- Grover D.P., Zhou J.L., Frickers P.E. and Readman, J.W. (2011) Improved removal of estrogenic and pharmaceutical compounds in sewage effluent by full scale granular activated carbon: impact on receiving river water. Journal of Hazardous Materials 185, 1005-1011.
- Readman, J.W., Kadar E., Readman J.A.J. and Guitart C. (2011) Estuarine and Marine Pollutants. In: Marine Environment & Human Health. Eds. R.E. Hester and R.M. Harrison. Issues in Environmental Science and Technology 33, 68-94. The Royal Society of Chemistry, U.K.
- Grover D., Balaam J.L., Pacitto S., Readman, J.W., White S. and Zhou J.L. (2011) Endocrine disrupting activities in sewage effluent and river water determined by chemical analysis and in vitro assay in the context of granular activated carbon upgrade. Chemosphere 84, 1512-1520.
- Shaw J.P., Dondero F., Moore M.N., Negri A., Dagnino A., Readman, J.W., Lowe D.R., Frickers P.E., Beesley A., Thain J.E. and Viarengo A. (2011) Integration of biochemical, histochemical and toxicogenomic indices for the assessment of health status of mussels from the Tamar Estuary, U.K. Marine Environmental Research 72, 13-24.
- Balaam J.L., Grover D., Johnson A.C., Jürgens M., Readman, J., Smith A.J., White S., Williams R. and Zhou J.L. (2010) The use of modelling to predict levels of estrogens in a river catchment: how does modelled data compare with chemical analysis and in vitro yeast assay results? Science of the Total Environment 408, 4826-4832.
- Kadar E., Simmance F., Martin O., Voulvoulis N., Widdicombe S., Mitov S., Lead J.R. and Readman, J.W. (2010) The influence of engineered Fe2O3 nanoparticles and soluble (FeCl3) iron on the developmental toxicity caused by CO2-induced seawater acidification. Environmental Pollution 158, 2490-3497.
- Guitart C. and Readman, J.W. (2010) Critical evaluation of the determination of pharmaceuticals, personal care products, phenolic endocrine disrupters and faecal steroids by GC/MS and PTV-GC/MS in environmental waters. Analytica Chimica Acta 658, 32-40.
- Sumner N.R., Guitart C., Fuentes G. and Readman, J.W. (2010) Inputs and distributions of synthetic musk fragrances in an estuarine and coastal environment; a case study. Environmental Pollution 158, 215-222.
- Lewis C., Guitart C., Pook C., Scarlett A., Readman, J.W. and Galloway T.S. (2010) An integrated assessment of oil pollution using biological monitoring and chemical fingerprinting. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 29, 1358-1366.
- Parks R., Donnier-Marechal M., Frickers P.E., Turner A. and Readman, J.W. (2010) Antifouling biocides in discarded marine paint particles. Marine Pollution Bulletin 60, 1226-1230.
- Bradford A., Handy R., Readman, J.W., Atfield A. and Mühling M. (2009) Impact of silver nanoparticle contamination on the genetic diversity of natural bacterial assemblages in estuarine sediments. Environmental Science and Technology 43, 4530-4536.
- Moore M.N., Readman J.A.J., Readman, J.W., Lowe D.M., Frickers P.E., Beesley A. (2009) Carbon nanoparticle-induced lysosomal membrane injury in blood cells of marine mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis): an in vitro study. Nanotoxicology 3, 40-45.
- Grover D.P., Zhang Z.L., Readman, J.W., Zhou J.L. (2009) A comparison of three analytical techniques for the measurement of steroidal estrogens in environmental water samples. Talanta 78, 1204-1210.
- Lewis C., Beggah S., Pook C., Guitart C., Redshaw C., Roelof van der Meer J., Readman, J.W., Galloway, T.S. (2009) Novel use of a whole cell E. coli bio-reporter as a urinary exposure biomarker. Environmental Science amp Technology 43, 423-428.
- Hassellöv M., Readman, J.W., Ranville J.F. and Tiede K. (2008) Nanoparticle analysis and characterization methodologies in environmental risk assessment of engineered nanoparticles. Ecotoxicology 17, 344-361.
- Guitart C., Frickers P., Horillo-Carballo J., Law R.J. and Readman, J.W. (2008) Characterisation of sea surface chemical contamination after shipping accidents. Environmental Science & Technology 42, 2275-2282. (Cover article).
- Schiedek D., Sundelin B., Readman, J.W. and Macdonald, R.W. (2007) Interactions between climate change and contaminants. Marine Pollution Bulletin 54, 1845-1856.
- Aranami K., Readman, J.W. (2007) Photolytic degradation of triclosan in freshwater and seawater. Chemosphere 66, 1052-1056.
Selected Research Income
||Funding Body and Project
||NERC Standard Grant
Elucidating the potential interaction of manufactured nanoparticles with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: an integrated toxicogenomics approach. Coordinator: Professor Awadhesh Jha (Plymouth University)
||European Commission through EU FP7 OCEAN-2013
Work programme topic addressed: Biosensors for real time monitoring of biohazard and man-made chemical contaminants in the marine environment. "Real time monitoring of SEA contaminants by an autonomous Lab-on-a-CHIP biosensor (SEA-on-a-CHIP)". Project Ref. 614168. Coordinator: Professor Damia Barcelo (CSIC/ICRA)
||PML-Korea Institute of Oceans Science and Technology (KIOST)
Joint research into the isolation and characterisation of nano-scale plastic particles in the environment
||EU (6th Framework Program)/Defra
European concerted action to foster prevention and best response to Accidental marine Pollution – AMPERA. Implementation of risk assessment methodologies for oil and chemical spills in the European marine environment
||NERC/Defra/EA Environmental Nanoscience Initiative
An investigation into the effects of nanoparticles on the bacterial diversity of freshwater and coastal marine sediments
||NERC/Defra/EA Environmental Nanoscience Initiative
Effects of C-60 fullerenes and carbon nano-tubes on marine mussels
||Defra Consortium, EDCAT
Investigation into the effects and behaviour of endocrine disrupters in the environment
||European Environment Agency
Investigation into antifouling booster biocide usage and legislation, including current environmental levels
||EU Marie Curie Fellowship
Dr Carlos Guitart was employed to undertake an evaluation of the occurrence, persistence and potential impact of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in transitional and coastal waters
||Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
Fellowship for visiting senior fellow (Dr Kazushi Aranami) to undertake research. An isotopic study of persistent organics
International & National Conference and Meeting Presentations
- SETAC Europe 26th Annual Meeting, Nantes, France, 22-26 May 2016 (oral, colleague).
- 7th Annual Biogeochemistry Centre Conference, Plymouth University Marine Station, Plymouth, U.K., 16 December 2015 (oral, colleague).